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6 Liver Functions You Never Think About

The most commonly known liver function is the ability to filter toxins out of the bloodstream. Some common examples are alcohol and the byproducts of medications. It is your second largest organ, after the skin, and works in tandem with other organs. It works with the gallbladder and pancreas to digest food, and with the kidneys to filter toxins from the blood.

When the liver becomes damaged, though, it becomes evident that the liver does much more. Check out these lesser recognized liver functions.

Two friends sitting on a patio drinking beers together.

Nutrition and Liver Function

One of the most important liver functions is to process and store nutrients used by the body. After being absorbed in the stomach and intestines, nutrients make their way into the bloodstream. As the blood passes through the liver, excess nutrition is stored for future use.

The chemical structure of an amino acid, which is processed by the liver.

Amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, are also processed by the liver. The liver is responsible for extracting amino acids from food and for synthesizing the amino acids not found naturally. This synthesizing process produces ammonia, a highly toxic substance commonly found in cleaning products. Another liver function is to convert the ammonia into the less toxic chemical, urea. Urea is then sent to the kidneys to be converted into urine. 

The liver also aids in breaking down fats and carbohydrates in the body. To process these substances, the liver produces bile for the stomach and intestines. Bile is necessary for breaking these fats and carbohydrates into more manageable amounts. The pancreas can then finish the process by producing enzymes that continue to break the fats and carbohydrates down.

Glucose and Liver function

While the pancreas is commonly associated with glucose, or blood sugar, the release of glucose is up to the liver. After the intestines break sugar into glucose and absorb it into the blood, the glucose is filtered through the liver. In times of high blood sugar concentration, such as after a meal, the liver stores excess glucose. It converts this available energy into glycogen, an easily stored form of glucose. As the pancreas creates insulin, which allows cells to use glucose as energy, blood sugar levels drop. The liver then begins to slowly convert glycogen back into usable glucose. 

A glucometer, used to measure glucose, and a bunch of fresh fruit.

Blood and Liver function

A depiction of the flow of red blood cells before they are worn out and disposed by the liver.

On average, red blood cells function for around 120 days before they become too worn to be effective. At this point, they are removed through one of the liver’s functions. As the liver filters blood, it removes catches and removes these ineffective blood cells from circulation. More cells are created by the bone marrow to replace the lost cells which are converted into waste. Before completely disposing of these cells, though, the liver functions yet again. These worn cells are broken down and their iron is recycled back into the body.

In addition to this, the liver functions in maintaining blood levels and clotting ability. The liver naturally creates a variety of proteins, such as albumin. This protein helps maintain blood pressure, and is responsible for binding the many components of blood together. Fibrinogen, another protein created by the blood, works with vitamin k to help clot blood. Studies show that when injured, a liver’s fibrinogen production increases to help prevent blood loss. 

What happens if any of these liver functions fail?

Without the liver, all of these functions are compromised. Studies have shown that a damaged liver has trouble absorbing nutrients, converting and storing glucose, and maintaining healthy blood stores. In severe cases, patients with liver disease have experienced malnutrition, abnormally distributed fluid retention, and inability to clot blood properly. 

If you’re interested in maintaining a healthy liver, consider trying Greeniche’s Healthy Liver Formula. The all natural, vegan formula contains a variety of ingredients proven to aid liver function. If you’re interested in maintaining your ideal health, check out some other Greeniche products like VegeSlim. You can also check out our Facebook and Instagram pages to get all the best health and wellness facts. When we run our sales, everyone following those pages are the first to know. Don’t miss out – follow Greeniche today!

Greeniche's Liver Health Formula for optimal care of the liver.

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Chaste Tree

Chaste Tree, also known as agnus-castus is a plant from the Mediterranean and western Asia which grows violet flowers and berries. It is commonly used by women to help with problems related to hormone imbalances.

Caffeine

Caffeine increases your energy levels to help you stay active through your workouts or daily activity. Caffeine also boosts energy levels even when your body is in a resting state which can contribute to weight loss. It also stimulates thermogenesis, which is one way your body generates heat and energy from digesting food.

Chromium

Chromium works with in the body to metabolize carbohydrates. It is found in many multivitamin supplements and food such as whole grains, fruits and veggies. 

Green Coffee Bean

Green Coffee Bean gives your day a boost and can increase resting metabolic rate, drive weight loss, fat loss and reduce fat absorption. It slows the release of glucose into the body after a meal. These beans are just normal coffee beans in their natural state before being roasted. Who knew coffee beans were naturally green?

Garcinia Cambogia

Garcinia Cambogia is a tropical fruit also known as the Malabar tamarind and is a popular weight-loss supplement. It can drive weight loss and fat loss which could help keep your body’s blood sugar and cholesterol levels healthy.

Forskolin

Forskolin is made from the root of a plant that grows in Nepal, India and Thailand. It has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine as a fat-burning supplement.

Black pepper

Black pepper contains piperine which can improve metabolic performance and suppress fat accumulation in the body.  Black pepper also helps the body absorb nutrients and can strengthen immunity. 

Black Cohosh

Black Cohosh is a medicinal root that is used to treat women’s hormone-related symptoms such as, menopause, premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and painful menstruation.

Pomegranates

Pomegranates are some of the healthiest fruits on Earth. They contain large amounts of phytoestrogens, which helps moderate some menopausal symptoms. It can reduce hot flashes, sleeping problems, depression, exhaustion, and irritability. They also contain powerful antioxidants that provide cardiovascular protection.

Turmeric

A common spice that can reduce cellular inflammation, and can increase the flow of bile which helps detoxify the liver by breaking down unhealthy fats.

Red Clovers

Red clover is a flowering plant and is a legume. Red clover contains isoflavones, which is a type of phytoestrogen. Phytoestrogen has a similar chemical make-up as estrogen which is why it has long been used to ease common menopause symptoms such as hot flashes. Estrogen production is at its lowest during the evening, which is why night sweats are so common.

Maca

Maca is a Peruvian plant grown in the Andes mountains. Maca root has many potential benefits for women but it is known for alleviating menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes and interrupted sleep. Studies also suggest that Maca can help protect bone health.

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Trans-Resveratrol

This powerful antioxidant neutralizes free radical damage that leads to signs of aging. Resveratrol helps protect the skin surface by interrupting and rebuffing negative environmental influences to brighten complexions and boost collagen production. It has been shown to be effective in preventing UVA damage and abnormal cell growth. This antioxidant is shown to contain anti-aging, anti-inflammatory and skin-calming properties that help revitalize the skin.

Zinc

Zinc is part of your skin’s natural dietary defense, found in many foods we eat and helps to fight off the formation of free radicals. It protects the skin’s lipid, or fat barrier and the fibroblasts that make up collagen. Collagen is your skins support structure that protects against UV light, pollution and other aging influences. Zinc boosts the immune system which may help to control the inflammatory response. Also, Zinc regulates cell production and turnover which may reduce oil production and prevent clogging of pores. Zinc is also used to help heal wounds and treat skin conditions like acne, foot ulcers caused by diabetes, leg ulcers, warts, and aging skin.

Radish

Great in salads and our supplements for their antioxidant ability to fight free radicals, their bile-increasing ability that fights bad fats, and their general detoxifying qualities.

Dandelion

While not wanted in your lawn, dandelion contains a variety of biological properties that promote liver health and provide liver detoxifying properties.

Artichoke

A familiar vegetable packed with free-radical fighting antioxidants. Cynarine, a substance found abundantly in artichokes, is believed to promote healthy cell growth and reproduction in the liver.

Raspberry Ketone

Raspberry Ketone is found in red raspberries which gives the fruit their strong aroma and flavour. It can increase your metabolism and higher the rate at which your body burns fat while also reducing appetite. It can also increase levels of adiponectin, which is a hormone that helps regulate metabolism.